Nutshells

All Categories

Core ideas behind latest and curated research papers.

GastroenterologyImmunology

Up to a third of the anti-inflammatory effects of bacteria-derived short chain fatty acids are attributed to endocannabinoids such as anandamide.

Vijay et al., Gut Microbes, 17 November 2021

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Emergency Medicine

The additional administration of vasopressin and methylprednisolone to patients with cardiac arrest was associated with a higher rate of return of spontaneous circulation than placebo.

Andersen et al., JAMA, 29 September 2021

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Gynaecology

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination reduces the number of cervical cancer cases by 34% if taken at the age of 16-18, and by 87% if taken at 12-13 years of age.

Falcaro et al., The Lancet, 3 November 2021

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Neuroscience

The mammalian hairless skin neurons that are present throughout the body affect the organization of brain neurons.

Lehnert et al., Cell, 28 October 2021

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AnaesthesiologyEmergency Medicine

In adult ICU patients at risk for kidney injury, administering modest volumes of Plasmalyte 148 versus normal saline, at fast or slow infusion rates, did not influence 90-day mortality.

Zampieri et al., JAMA, 10 August 2021

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Nutrition and Obesity

Fasting has been shown to be a key component of positive health effects associated with calorie restriction diets.

Pak et al., Nature Metabolism, 18 October 2021

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EpidemiologyNutrition and Obesity

High adherence to the Mediterranean diet may positively influence systolic, but not diastolic blood pressure.

Bakaloudi et al., Clinical Nutrition, 9 October 2021

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Epidemiology

Use of phthalates, found in plastic and personal care products such as shampoo and soap, have been associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality in 55-64 year olds.

Trasande et al., Environmental Pollution, 11 September 2021

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Ophthalmology

Ophthalmic lenses that are marketed as reducing blue light transmission from computer screens and thus reducing eye strain did not reduce symptoms of eye strain in a clinical study.

Singh et al., American Journal of Ophthalmology, 1 June 2021

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NeuroscienceSleep Medicine

Specific time-restricted feeding extends the lifespan of the fruit fly by up to 18% through a circadian-related mechanism.

Ulgherait et al., Nature, 29 September 2021

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