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Core ideas behind latest and curated research papers.

High adherence to the Mediterranean diet may positively influence systolic, but not diastolic blood pressure.

Bakaloudi et al., Clinical Nutrition, 9 October 2021

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Ophthalmology

Ophthalmic lenses that are marketed as reducing blue light transmission from computer screens and thus reducing eye strain did not reduce symptoms of eye strain in a clinical study.

Singh et al., American Journal of Ophthalmology, 1 June 2021

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NeuroscienceSleep Medicine

Specific time-restricted feeding extends the lifespan of the fruit fly by up to 18% through a circadian-related mechanism.

Ulgherait et al., Nature, 29 September 2021

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Ophthalmology

School-based vision program for assessing eyesight might help improve students' academic performance over 1 year.

Neitzel et al., JAMA Ophthalmology, 9 September 2021

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EpidemiologyNeurology

Road and rail noise have been associated with a 16-18% increase in risk of dementia in people over 60 years of age.

Cantuaria et al., BMJ, 8 September 2021

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Neurology

Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in the world. Treatment options such as dual antiplatelet therapy are pivotal in treating minor non-cardioembolic stroke. However, it is not well studied if dual therapy with aspirin and ticagrelor improves efficacy and safety compared to aspirin alone.

Wang et al., JAMA Neurology, 1 September 2021

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Dental Medicine

Extraction of non impacted third molar may have positive periodontal influence on neighbouring second molar, since it has led to decrease in concentration of inflammatory markers as well as microbial richness.

Tian et al., International Journal of Oral Science, 7 February 2021

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Nutrition and Obesity

People who took more than 7000 steps per day are associated with a 55-72% decrease in risk of premature mortality compared with those who took less than 7000 steps daily.

Paluch et al., JAMA Network Open, 1 September 2021

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Neurology

Atogepant, a calcitonin gene–related peptide receptor antagonist, may have potential in preventive treatment of migraines, since it was associated with greater reduction of number of migraine days per month than placebo.

Ailani et al., NEJM, 19 August 2021

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Nutrition and ObesitySport Medicine

About 30-40 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity per day attenuates the association between risk of mortality and sedentary lifestyle.

Ekelund et al., British Journal of Sports Medicine, 31 December 2020

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